WASHINGTON — During open enrollment season for Flexible Spending Arrangements (FSAs), the Internal Revenue Service reminds taxpayers that they may be eligible to use tax-free dollars to pay medical expenses not covered by other health plans through their FSA.
For 2024, there is a $150 increase to the contribution limit for these accounts.
An employee who chooses to participate in an FSA can contribute up to $3,200 through payroll deductions during the 2024 plan year. Amounts contributed are not subject to federal income tax, Social Security tax or Medicare tax.
If the plan allows, the employer may also contribute to an employee's FSA. If the employee’s spouse has a plan through their employer, the spouse can also contribute up to $3,200 to that plan. In this situation, the couple could jointly contribute up to $6,400 for their household.
For FSAs that permit the carryover of unused amounts, the maximum 2024 carryover amount to 2025 is $640. For unused amounts in 2023, the maximum amount that can be carried over to 2024 is $610.
It’s important for taxpayers to annually review their health care selections during health care open enrollment season and maximize their savings.
Eligible employees of companies that offer a health flexible spending arrangement (FSA) need to act before their medical plan year begins to take advantage of an FSA during 2024. Self-employed individuals are not eligible.
Expenses to consider
Throughout the year, taxpayers can use FSA funds for qualified medical expenses not covered by their health plan. These can include co-pays, deductibles and a variety of medical products. Also covered are services ranging from dental and vision care to eyeglasses and hearing aids. Interested employees should check with their employer for details on eligible expenses and claim procedures.
Before enrollment (if an employer offers an FSA), review any expected health care expenses projected for the year. Participating employees should plan for healthcare activities when they calculate their contribution amounts. Consider:
Employers are not required to offer FSAs. Interested taxpayers should check with their employer to see if they offer an FSA. More information about FSAs can be found at IRS.gov in Publication 969, Health Savings Accounts and Other Tax-Favored Health Plans.