News & Insights
Tax Planning Tips for Cutting 2017 Income Taxes in Light of Tax Reform
The conventional tax wisdom at the end of the year is to pull in deductions to offset current tax liability and push off income to postpone tax payment. This takes on added significance in 2017 with enactment of the new tax reform law, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA). Because the bill, just signed into law by President Trump on Friday, December 22, cuts individual tax rates and eliminates or scales back most itemized deductions in 2018, many taxpayers have even more tax incentive to follow the traditional pull-and-push strategy. But the ball is about to drop on another year, so don’t delay. Here are some ideas to lower taxes for 2017 in the wake of the new tax law.
1. Step up charitable gift-giving. This is a relatively easy way to bolster your deductions for 2017. Unlike most itemized deductions, the write-off for charitable donations is fully preserved by the TCJA for 2018 and beyond. But many more taxpayers won’t be itemizing next year due to the increased standard deduction and loss or reduction of other itemized deductions. Donations made in 2017 are likely to provide more tax bang for the bucks. This year, beefing up your charitable giving could be even more effective. If your tax rate is falling in 2018, your deductions are more valuable if claimed against this year’s income. Giving to charity, a tax deduction that’s preserved under the tax bill, is an effective way to boost your 2017 deductions on short notice.
2. Defer Income. Another traditional recommendation for this time of year is to defer income. While salaried workers generally can’t choose when they get paid, business owners can often delay registering income until the following year, lowering their April tax bill in the process. Investors can also control their taxable income—and thus lower capital gains tax bills—by selling losing stocks or waiting to sell winning stocks until 2018. In most years, deferring income merely delays the taxes you will have to pay eventually. But, if you expect your tax rate to fall next year, deferring income into 2018 could actually save you money. (There’s also some good news for equity investors when it comes to the FIFO rule.)
3. Make an extra mortgage payment. Don’t wait until next year to pay that mortgage bill due on January 1, 2018 even though you have a two-week grace period. By making the payment in 2017, you can increase your mortgage interest deduction for the 2017 tax year. Although mortgage interest is generally still deductible on existing loans in 2018, you won’t get any tax benefit if you claim the standard deduction rather than itemizing.
4. Prepay property taxes. Under the TCJA, the deduction for state and local taxes is limited to $10,000 annually, so your tax benefit for payments may be either watered down or nonexistent, depending on your circumstances. If you prepay the next property tax bill before the end of the year, however, you can add the payment to your 2017 deduction. Note: The TCJA specifically bans taxpayers from prepaying state and local income taxes to increase deductions for 2017, but it doesn’t prohibit prepayment of property taxes.
5. Employee Unreimbursed Expenses Current tax law allows employees to deduct unreimbursed expenses related to their jobs as long as they’re more than 2 percent of income. The tax bill ends these itemized deductions after the end of this year. So, workers should think about whether they can pay —and get the receipts—for as many of these expenses as possible this month. Examples of unreimbursed expenses for employees might include tools and supplies, occupational taxes, work uniforms, union dues, and expenses for work-related travel. Self-employed people and business owners would still be able to deduct expenses under the new tax bill.
6. Defer year-end bonuses. Are you in a position of authority at your company? Instead of doling out year-end bonuses payable on December 29, you might make arrangements to wait until January. Just a few days or a week can make a big tax difference if the bonuses are taxable in 2018 at the lower TCJA rates instead of being taxed at higher 2017 rates.
7. Get head-start on spring semester. Generally, parents may qualify for one of two higher education credits, subject to phaseouts based on modified adjusted gross income (MAGI). The IRS says that a payment made this year for the upcoming college semester, which typically begins in January, counts toward a credit on this year’s tax return. As a result, the credit can offset income that is taxed at a high rate in 2017.
8. Pay for Your Move. Under the proposed law, you’ll no longer be allowed to deduct work-related moving expenses after the new year (unless you’re in the military). Of course it might be difficult to schedule a cross-country move on such short notice, but, “if you did move, make sure you clear up any moving-related expenses by Dec. 31.
9. Support an elderly relative. Thanks to the TCJA, personal exemptions are going away after 2017. If you’re helping out an elderly relative who has little or no income other than Social Security – say, a favorite aunt or uncle – ensure that you meet the half-support test to qualify for a dependency exemption this year. For instance, if an extra $1,000 around the holidays will lock in an exemption, be generous. Each exemption in 2017 is $4,050.